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FCI-Standard of the German Pinscher
English Translation 2000
TRANSLATER : Mrs C. Seidler.
ORIGIN : Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 06.04.2000
UTILISATION: Watch and Companion Dog.
Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer type-Molossian type and Swiss Mountain and Cattle
Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The smooth haired Pinscher represents a very
old breed which was mentioned in the German Stud Book for dogs in 1880
already. He has the same ancestors as the Schnauzer which was also called
the rough coated Pinscher. From the beginning the smooth haired Pinschers
differed from the rough haired specimen in their colour and their short
coat. They were mostly black with light brown markings, self coloured in
various shades of brown to red, pepper and salt or simply blue-grey to
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS* In relation of length to height, his build should
be as square as possible.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The German Pinscher is smooth-haired, medium in size
with proud carriage, flowing outlines, elegant and square build. He is
strong like the Schnauzer. Due to his short smooth coat, his well developed
muscles are clearly visible especially when he moves.
*The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput)
corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers
to the set on of the tail).
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: His lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered
nature combined with intelligence and endurance makes him an agreeable
family, watch and companion dog.
- CRANIAL REGION
- Skull : Strong, elongated, without markedly protruding occiput.
- The forehead is flat and runs parallel to the bridge of nose.
- Stop : Slight, yet clearly defined.
- FACIAL REGION
- Nose: Nose leather well developed and always black.
- Muzzle: Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
- Lips: Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws; corners of mouth closed.
- Jaws/Teeth: Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure
white teeth according to the dentition formula) is strong and firmly closing.
The chewing muscles are strongly developed without pronounced cheeks interfering
with the smooth outline
- Eyes: Dark, oval, with black pigmented, close fitting eyelids.
- Ears: Drop ears, set high, V-shaped,with inner edges lying close to the
cheeks, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above
the top of the skull.
Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into the withers without
any marked set on. Dry,without dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting
- * Topline: Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
- * Withers: Forming the highest point in topline.
- * Back: Strong, short and taut.
- * Loins: Short, strong and deep. The distance from last rib to hip is short
to make the dog appear compact.
- * Croup: Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.
- * Chest: Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The
forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.
- * Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up, forming a nicely curved
line with the underside of the ribcage.
Seen from the front the front legs are strong, straight and not close together;
seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel, but not
close together, when seen from the rear.
- Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well
muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points
of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back. forming
an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.
- Upper arm : Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an
angle of 95° to 100° to the shoulder blade.
- Elbows: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.
- Forearm: Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight seen
from the front and the side.
- Carpal joint: Strong and firm.
- Pastern: Strong and slightly springy. Seen from the front, vertical, seen
from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground.
- Forefeet: Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant,
nails short, black and strong.
- Upper thigh: Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.
- Stifle: Turning neither in nor out.
- Lower thigh : Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.
- Hock : Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
- Metatarsus : Vertical to the ground.
- Hind feet : Somewhat longer than the forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched.
Nails short and black.
The German Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and rather steady
in movement. The movement is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited
with good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a ground covering, relaxed,
fluent movement with strong drive and free front extension.
SKIN : Tight fitting over the whole body.
HAIR :Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny without bald patches.
* Self coloured : Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown.
* Black and Tan : Lacquer black with red or brown markings.
The aim is for markings as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible.
The markings are distributed as follows: above the eyes, at the underside
of the throat, on the pastern, on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs
and under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated triangles on
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
- * Height at withers : Dogs and bitches: 45 to 50 cm.
- * Weight : Dogs and bitches: 13 to 18 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree. Particularly:
- Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on leg.
- Heavy or round skull.
- Wrinkles on forehead.
- Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
- Pincer bite.
- Light, too small or too large eyes.
- Ears set low or very long, unevenly carried.
- Strongly protruding cheekbones (cheekiness).
- Too long, tucked up or soft back.
- Roach back.
- Croup falling away.
- Long feet.
- Pacing movement.
- Hackney gait.
- Thin coat.
- Black trace on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
- Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
- * Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
- * Light appearance
- * Apple head.
- * Lines of head not parallel.
- * Elbows turning out.
- * Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
- * Hocks turning out.
- * Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 3 cm.
NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.
- Malformation of any kind.
- Definitely inverse sexual type..
- Faults in mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
- Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat or
- Over- or undersize by more than 3 cm.
- Shy, aggressive, vicious, markedly suspicious, or nervous behaviour.
PINSCHER -- 24 June 1987 FCI German Pinscher Standard - Translation in English
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